China Shipping Database, operated by Shanghai International Shipping Institute, is an information public service platform integrating data and other information resources regarding China shipping and port industry.
Port & Terminal
2013 Order 2014 Order Port 2013Throughput 2014Throughput Rate 1 1 Shanghai 3361.7 3529 4.98% 2 2 Singapore 3257.9 3386.9 3.96% 3 3 Shenzhen 2327.9 2396 2.93% 4 4 Hongkong 2228.8 2227 -0.08% 6 5 Ningbo-zhoushan 1735.1 1945 12.1% 5 6 Busan 1767.5 1867.8 5.67% 8 7 Guangzhou 1530.9 1660 8.43% 7 8 Qingdao 1552 1658 6.83% 9 9 Dubai 1341.3 1525 13.7% 10 10 Tianjin 1300 1405 8.08%
- Province/State：Shanghai Prov
- Longitude：31° 14.0' N
- Latitude：121° 29.0' E
- Province/State：Tianjin Prov
- Longitude：38°59.0' N
- Latitude：117° 45.0' E
- Province/State：Shandong Prov
- Longitude：36°07.0' N
- Latitude：120°18.0' E
- Province/State：Guangdong Prov
- Longitude：23°06.0' N
- Latitude：113°14.0' E
- Province/State：Zhejiang Prov
- Longitude：29°53.0' N
- Latitude：121°33.0' E
- Hong Kong
- Country：Hong Kong
- Province/State：Hong Kong Island
- Longitude：22° 16.0' N
- Latitude：114° 11.0' E
Statistics shows that there are 120 ports above designated size for grain transport in China, with coastal ports and inland ports taking up half and half (annual throughput of 10 million tons for coastal ports and 2 million tons for inland ports). In recent years, China's grain throughput by waterway transport is about 90 million to 100 million tons, approximately equal to that by rail traffic, in which inland river transport accounts for about 18% and domestic trade for 58%. Waterway transport of grain is usually by ocean shipping for domestic trade. With an increase in inbound and outbound volume, 15% of grain for domestic trade is transferred through water to water transport. As grain import sees a rapid rise, the difference between inbound and outbound volume is expanding year by year.
- Iron Ore
China is the world's largest consumer of iron ore. The import volume of iron ore ranks top among all China’s foreign traded cargo and its handling volume in Chinese ports is only second to that of coal. The ore carriers are super-size vessels and imported iron ore must be transshipped to reach the steel terminal. Some iron ores are transported by railway after unloading in the port. As of 2008, there are 32 ore terminals with a capacity of 100,000 tons each or more in China. In Bohai Rim, Dalian, Yingkou, Tangshan, Tianjin, Qingdao and Rizhao are main iron ore handling ports while Qinhuangdao, Yantai, Jinzhou play a supportive role. In Yangtze River Delta, the transport network for imported ores is made up of Ningbo-Zhoushan, Shanghai as well as river ports such as Nanjing, Zhenjiang, Nantong, Zhangjiagang, etc. Along south coast of China, specialized terminals in Zhanjiang and Fangcheng Port are the major force and the bulk cargo terminals in Shenzhen, Zhuhai and Guangzhou are necessary complement to iron ore handling. The terminals of more than 100,000 tons handle 90% imported iron ores.
- Steel product
Steel is one of the most common materials in the world, with more than 1.3 billion tons produced annually. It is a major component in buildings, infrastructure, tools, ships, automobiles, machines, appliances, and weapons. Steel products can be classified as follows: powder metallurgy products, castings, forged finished and stamped finished products, bright products, cold formed products, welded sections, wire, tubes, hollow sections and hollow bars.
The waterway transport of coal in China includes inland river transport and ocean transport. Coal is transported from production base to ports along China’s north coast by road or railway, from where the cargo is shipped again to Bohai Rim, East China, South China and abroad. Inland coal transport channels are Yangtze River and Beijing-Hangzhou Canal, carrying coal from Shanxi, Hebei, Henan, Anhui and Jiangsu Province to consumers along the major rivers and in East China. Coal from Shanxi and Inner Mongolia is shipped in Tianjin and Qinhuangdao Port, coal from Shaanxi shipped in Tianjin and Huanghua Port and coal from Shandong shipped in Rizhao Port. 97.78% coal for China’s foreign trade and 82.30% coal for domestic trade is transported in seven ports in North China, 94.7% of which is handled in Qinhuangdao, Tianjin, Huanghua and Tangshan Port. For coal volume of 165, 72 million tons traded within China, the unloading volume in Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong is 146, 80 tons, taking up 88.5%. The coal unloaded in Shanghai, Jiangsu and Guangdong with a volume of more than 1 million tons usually comes from five different ports. The coal unloaded in Zhejiang mainly comes from Qinhuangdao and Tianjin Port while that unloaded in Fujian from Qinhuangdao, Tianjin and Huanghua Port.
Wood is defined as the secondary xylem in the stems of trees such as shrubs or arbors. After primary growth, the vascular cambium in the rhizome of these plants becomes active, develops bast outward and wood inward. Wood is the collective name of the plant tissues developed inwardly by the vascular cambium, including xylem and thin-wall radiation. Wood plays an important role in supporting human life. Wood is widely used in different aspects according to diverse natures of it.
- Crude oil
China is the main producer of crude oil as well as large consumer and importer. With a rapid economic development and industrial upgrading, consumption structure, especially energy consumption structure is changing dramatically. As a result, China is seeing an increasing dependence on crude oil. In China, the transport modes for crude oil consist of road, railway, waterway and pipeline, which is decided by the location of crude oil, transport distance and volume. China’s port production is enjoying a high-speed growth. The crude oil and oil product ranks forth in handling volume of all bulk cargo, inferior to coal, iron ore and mineral building material in China. In 2007, the total handling volume of crude oil in Chinese ports is 484, 8 million tons.
Handysize most usually refers to a dry bulk vessel with deadweight of 10,000-40,000 tonnes. Handysize ships are very flexible because their size allows them to enter smaller ports, and in most cases they are 'geared' - i.e. fitted with cranes - which means that they can load and discharge cargoes at ports which lack cranes or other cargo handling systems. Handysize is numerically the most common size of bulk carrier, with nearly 2000 units in service totalling about 43 million tons. Handysize bulkers are built mainly by shipyards in Japan, Korea, China, Vietnam, the Philippines and India, though a few other countries also have the capacity to build such vessels. The most common industry-standard specification handysize bulker is now about 32,000 metric tons of deadweight on a summer draft of about 10 metres (33 ft), and features 5 cargo holds with hydraulically operated hatch covers, with four 30 metric ton cranes for cargo handling. Some handysizes are also fitted with stanchions to enable logs to be loaded in stacks on deck.
Panamax are terms for the size limits for ships traveling through the Panama Canal. Formally, these limits and requirements are published by the Panama Canal Authority(ACP), titled "Vessel Requirements". The allowable size is limited by the width and length of the available lock chambers, by the depth of water in the canal, and by the height of the Bridge of the Americas since that bridge's construction. These dimensions give clear parameters for ships destined to traverse the Panama Canal and have influenced the design of cargo ships, naval vessels, and passenger ships. The increasing prevalence of vessels of the maximum size is a problem for the canal, as a Panamax ship is a tight fit that requires precise control of the vessel in the locks, possibly resulting in longer lock time, and requiring that these ships transit in daylight. Because the largest ships traveling in opposite directions cannot pass safely within the Culebra Cut, the canal effectively operates an alternating one-way system for these ships.
VLCCs are large tankers with a capacity of 150,000 to 250,000 DWT. These ships can transport 2,000,000 barrels of oil/ 318 000 metric tons. As of August, 2012, there are more than 400 VLCCs worldwide.
An Aframax ship is an oil tanker smaller than 120,000 metric tonnes and with a breadth above 32.31 m. Aframax class tankers are largely used in the basins of the Black Sea,the North Sea, the Caribbean Sea,the South and East China Seas, and the Mediterranean.Non-OPECexporting countries may require the use of tankers because the harbors and canals through which these countries export their oil are too small to accommodate very-large crude carriers and ultra-large crude carriers The term is based on the Average Freight Rate Assessment tanker rate system. Due to their favorable size, Aframax tankers can serve most ports in the world. These vessels serve regions which do not have very large ports or offshore oil terminals to accommodate very large crude carriers and ultra large crude carriers. Aframax tankers are optimal for short to medium haul crude oil transportation.
A handymax ship (35,000 to 60,000 DWT) is typically 150–200m (492–656ft) in length with five cargo holds, and four cranes of 30 tonnes lifting capacity. These smaller ships are used for less voluminous cargos and usually have self-loading capacity, making it easier to use in ports with limited infrastructure.
Suezmax is the ship capable of transiting the Suez Canal, and is almost exclusively used in reference to tankers with a capacity of 150,000 tons.